Tradition of Respecting the Ancient Mushaf in Sapit Village, East Lombok

  • Yusri Hamzani UIN Sunan Kalijaga


The ancient mushaf has a duality of symbol; traditional and religious symbols. Both
rules of religion and tradition oblige the people to respect the ancient mushaf. The
way to respect the Mushaf in Sapit Village is various. Starting from sitting to the
slaughtering a cattle before reciting and studying the mushaf. The rituals of respecting the mushaf in Sapit Village are unique. Theory of social evolution is interesting to
use in analyzing that reality. It is for the reason of variety of Sapit Village people and
its dynamics, Sapit village then has changed the way of respecting the mushaf. Before
1967, people of Sapit Village were embracing Islamic sect known as wetu teluwhich
is an acculturation between religion and tradition. Moreover, during that period, the
people thought the ancient mushaf to have contained a magical power and could save
them from disaster. However, their perception changed when Tuan Guru Zainuddin
Mamben came to Sapit Village and taught them theology. The people do not respect
the mushaf anymore the way they did before the Tuan Gurucame. Their tradition has
transformed into tradition known as Tokol (sitting when seeing the mushaf ). Today,
people have forgotten sacredness of the ancient mushaf. The development of mushaf
printing industry makes people equal among ancient mushaf and other printed mushaf.
Wetu Telu Islamic Sect, respecting the ancient mushaf, transformation.