RELASI KIAI DAN PENGUASA DI SURAKARTA: Kajian Sejarah Sosial atas Naskah Mushaf Al-Qur’an Koleksi Pesantren Al-Mansur, Popongan, Klaten, Jawa Tengah

  • Islah Gusmian IAIN Surakarta


This article examines the collection of Al-Qur’an manuscripts of Popongan Pesantren, in Klaten, Central  Java. This text was studied in the socio-political context of Surakarta in the 19th century AD. There are three main things studied, namely the art aspect (illumination and khaṭṭ), Al-Qur’an sciences (rasm, qirā’ah and tajwīd), and socio-political context (the possession of manuscripts and the relationship between the kiai and the ruler of the Surakarta palace. These three aspects were examined by the methodology of philology and Mohammad Arkoun’s historical theory. From the aspect of Al-Qur’an sciences, it is revealed in this article that the manuscripts of Popongan  is written using rasm imlā’i and with qirā’ah ‘Āṣim. This choice is the usual copy of manuscripts in the Nusantara archipelago. From the art aspect, it is suspected, the Popongan manuscripts is from Trengganu, Malaysia. This conclusion is referred to the character of illumination and the khaṭṭ which are used. From the aspect of social history, the existence of the Popongan manuscripts is a trace about the role of Muslims in the Surakarta palace in the era of Pakubuwono X. It is referred to the owner of the manuscripts, Raden Mas Tumenggung (RMT) Wiryadiningrat (d. 1917). He was an official at the Surakarta palace who was also an activist of the Islamic political social movement in Surakarta.

Key words: mushaf, Al-Qur’an, kraton, Surakarta, dan Popongan