Ancient Manuscript of Lombok: Study on the Aspect of Writing and Text
This writing explains the ancient Qur’anic manuscripts of Lombok's collection of West Nusa Tenggara State Museum, Mataram, both its codicological and textual features containing a number of things such as rasm and qirā’at being used, as well as tajwīd signs (rule of reciting the holy Qur’an) and waqf signs (mark of stopping in reciting the holy Qur’an). The study of writing style shows that the ancient manuscripts of this museum collection were influenced by the Javanese Qur’an tradition. The simple and ill-mannered writing shows that the author is an ordinary person, a kiai (Islamic local religious leader), a santri (a pious Islamic pupil), or a general public, and not a professional clerk. This study uses descriptive-analytical and comparative methods, thus it can obtain a relatively objective picture of the style and typology of writing, the use of punctuation, tajwīd, and waqf in each of the ancient manuscripts studied. In this study, a mapping of the motives and interests of a person in copying ancient manuscripts is also conducted.
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